Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes. It is a metabolic disease which causes high blood sugar. Today, it affects around 400 million people worldwide. To understand about diabetes, let’s understand the role of insulin first. Everything you eat is turned into sugars or glucose. Your pancreas plays the role of releasing insulin which opens the cells to allow glucose to enter and allows your body to use the glucose for energy. With diabetes, this doesn’t work. Diabetes can lead to blindness, amputations, kidney failure, heart failure, and stroke.

General symptoms of diabetes

  • Cause high blood sugar
  • Increases hunger
  • Tiredness
  • Constant thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Wounds don’t heal easily

Causes of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, Doctors haven’t been able to know the exact reason for type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the Pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes, it is caused by the combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight can make your cells more resistant to the effects of insulin on your blood sugar.

Risk factors for Diabetes

You risk Type 1 diabetes if you have a parent or sibling with that condition, or when you carry similar genes that are linked to diabetes.

The risk of Type 2 diabetes increases if you are

  • Genetics
  • Age 45 or older
  • Not physically active
  • Prediabetic
  • Overweight
  • Having high blood pressure, high cholesterol or high triglycerides

Healthy food for Diabetes

  • Whole grains
  • Proteins and fats
  • Limit the carbohydrates intake
  • Olives, coconut oil
  • Butter, cream, sour cream, and cream cheese

Un-Healthy food for Diabetes

  • Beer
  • Desserts
  • Juice, soda, sweetened tea
  • Milk
  • Peas, beans, and lentils (Excluding green beans and snow peas)
  • Bread, pasta, corn, cereal, and grains
  • Baked items, candy, ice cream